Digitization of archives and agrarian reforms become high-tech “Naya J&K”

In October 2021, Lieutenant Governor of Jammu and Kashmir, Manoj Sinha launched the ‘Aapki Zameen Aapki Nigrani’ initiative to facilitate online access to the land registration system, reduce manipulation and improve the efficiency of tax offices in the Himalayan region. Since then, there has been no turning back.

“Aapki Zameen Aapki Nigrani” under the Digital India Land Registry Modernization Program (DILRMP) aimed to modernize the management of land records and improve the transparency of the maintenance mechanism.

The introduction of the new system has reduced the scope of land and property disputes and made it easier to obtain conclusive titles to real estate properties throughout the territory of the Union.

The main components of the program included computerization and digitization of land records, surveying, resurveying and updating of all survey and settlement records, integration of property registration with land records and cadastral maps to improve data authenticity and security.

After the launch of ‘Aapki Zameen Aapki Nigrani’ 1553 Patwarkhanas empowered ordinary citizens in ‘Naya Jammu and Kashmir.’

Work to digitize land records is underway in all 20 districts of the Union Territory. Out of 6,912 villages, the digitization process has been completed in 3,049 villages, i.e. the land records of about 44.11% of the villages have been digitized.

The government has embarked on a mission to create a database of all relevant records and information to easily extend all real-time assistance. These steps have held tax officials accountable as the process is underway to make all records available online so that every inch of land owned or owned by anyone remains in the public domain.

One-Click Earnings Records

Prior to August 5, 2019 – when the Center announced its decision to repeal JK’s special status and split it into two union territories – there was no mechanism for citizens to view or monitor the status of their online income records. They had to move from pillar to post to obtain even a copy of land registers like Jamabandi or Khasra Girdwari.

The opacity of the system encouraged corruption, putting citizens at the mercy of the system. The digitization of land records has introduced transparency and accountability.

JK’s so-called elite class from 1947 to 2019 believed they were above the law and could keep whatever they wanted. Over the past three years, the noose has tightened around the big business families who were allocated leasehold land at ridiculous prices in prime locations by the old regimes. The properties under their possession are reassessed and the files are finalized. The rental period for many properties has expired.

These families are invited either to renew the lease according to the current market value, or to sell the properties in their possession.

Land leased in prime locations to influential people had been hidden from the public for 70 long years, but after the digitization process began, everything became clear.

The ‘Aapki Zameen Aapki Nigrani’ initiative has made income registers accessible at the click of a button. Public users can now search and view copies of digitized data online at the CIS portal – http://landrecords.jk.gov.in/.

Nearly 7.70 crores of revenue record pages and 55216 Musavi (maps) have been digitized, in addition to 3895 ground control points have been established and a corporate Geographic Information System (GIS) based on the web has been developed.

After the notification of the Jammu and Kashmir Farmland (Conversion for Non-Agricultural Use) Regulations 2022, the process of changing land use has been simplified. Claims for the same can now be filed online and disposal must be within 30 days.

Under the rules of Jammu and Kashmir Land Book 2022, a land book with verifiable QR code, unique numbers are issued to landowners, which has led to a drop in the number of land disputes and facilitated the verification of transactions fraudulent.

Adaptation of central laws

Nearly a year after repealing the repeal of Section 370, a temporary provision of the Constitution, the Center struck down the 7-year-old Big Land Estates Abolition Act 1950, under which the former princely state witnessed land redistribution to end the Zamindari system. .

In October 2020, the Center notified the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir of the reorganization (adaptation of central laws) of the Third Order, enabling a host of new changes in the old state.

The implementation of the new law opened up Jammu and Kashmir to the world as it provided that anyone who wanted to buy non-farm land in JK did not need a permanent resident certificate.

The Union Home Ministry also notified the Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act 2016, paving the way for land acquisition in JK by all citizens of India. Prior to the implementation of this law, Article 35-A of the JK Constitution, which was removed on August 5, 2019, prohibited the sale of land to those who were not state subjects.

The new law also authorized the government to declare any area of ​​JK as “strategic” and intended for the direct operational and training needs of the armed forces.

Real Estate Summit

After the introduction and implementation of the new land reforms, the JK government organized the first ever real estate summit in Jammu in December 2021 in which 39 MoUs worth Rs 18,300 Crore have been signed with the country’s real estate investors for the development of housing and businesses. projects in the territory of the Union.

In April this year, Lieutenant Governor Manoj Sinha held consultations with senior officials and the team of the Confederation of Real Estate Developers Associations of India (CREDAI), including members of its elected council, the President and Vice Presidents, Board Members of JK Economic Growth and Development Dialogue (LEAD) and Urban Planning Consultants to define the modalities for the second Real Estate Summit to be held in Srinagar.

Land reforms and digitization of land records in Jammu and Kashmir have proven to be major steps towards systematic growth of urban and rural areas in JK.

The objective is clear: to create robust urban infrastructure and improve the public service delivery system for a quality life. Experts are studying the model of other cities to create affordable, inclusive, environmentally sustainable housing equipped with the best basic services essential for an ordinary man.

Efforts are underway to transform the real estate landscape across ‘Naya Jammu and Kashmir’ and the people support every move by the government to transform the Himalayan region, which has been left starved of progress and prosperity due to the article 370 remaining in vogue for 70 years. (ANI)